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WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT STEVENS JOHNSON SYNDROME

 
Stevens Johnson syndrome (SJS) and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis Syndrome (TENS) another form of SJS is a rare but serious disorder of the skin and mucous membranes. It usually comes about as a result of a reaction to a medication or an infection. Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) account for approximately 150000 deaths per year in the U.S. alone, making drug reactions the fourth leading cause of death in the U.S. There is very limited data on ADRs in Africa. SJS is one of the most debilitating ADR recognized. It was first discovered in 1922 by pediatricians A.M. Stevens and S.C. Johnson after diagnosing a child with severe ocular and oral involvement to a drug reaction. ‘So If your name na Steven or Johnson abeg no vex ooh’

 
What can cause SJS?
SJS is a rare and unpredictable reaction. The doctor may not be able to identify the exact cause, but usually the condition can be triggered by any medication or an infection. The most commonly implicated drugs are; anti-gout medications such as allopurinol, pain relievers like paracetamol and ibuprofen, medications to fight infections such as penicillins and sulpha drugs, medications to treat seizures or mental illness and radiation therapy. Infectious causes include Herpes, Pneumonia, HIV and Hepatitis.
 
Who can get SJS and TENS?
Although SJS afflicts people of all ages, a large amount of victims are children. More female cases have been reported than male, however it does not discriminate against anyone. There are various factors that increase your risk of developing SJS such as viral infections (e.g. HIV or Hepatitis), weakened immune system (such as in HIV/AIDS or organ transplant), previous history of SJS, family history of SJS, having a certain gene (If you have a gene called HLA-B1502 you have increased risk of SJS. Chinese, Southeast Asians and Indians are more likely to carry this gene. Note that SJS is not contagious and we therefore don’t need to be scared about infecting others or getting infected.
SJS: Know the Signs and Symptoms
Recognition of the early symptoms of SJS and prompt medical attention is the most invaluable tool in minimizing the possible long-term effects SJS may have on its victims. Symptoms include;
·         Facial swelling, tongue swelling
·          Skin pain, and a red or purple rash that spreads within hours to days.
·         Blisters in mouth, ears, eyes, nose and genital area,
·         Swelling of eyelids, red eyes.
·         Conjunctivitis.
·         If you have SJS several days before the rash develops you may experience flu-like symptoms. IF YOU NOTICE TWO OR MORE OF THESE SYMPTOMS, CONTACT YOUR DOCTOR IMMEDIATELY
Risks
SJS and TENS are life-threatening reactions. If left untreated, they can result in death. Complications include permanent blindness, asthma, secondary skin infection, blood infection, damage of internal organs and permanent skin damage.

Treatment
The first most important step in management is to discontinue medications that may be causing SJS immediately to prevent complications. Treatment for SJS is good supportive care. Because patients literally burn from the inside out, burn, infectious disease, ophthalmology and dermatology teams are recommended. IV fluids and high calorie formulas are given to promote healing. Antibiotics are given when necessary to prevent secondary infections such as sepsis. Pain medications such as morphine are administered to make the patient as comfortable as possible. Most SJS patients can be managed in medical intensive care unit (ICU) or pediatric ICU. Patients with TENS are treated in a burn unit. If the underlying cause of SJS can be eliminated and the skin reaction stopped, new skin may begin to grow over the affected area within several days to months depending on how severe. If you have SJS be sure to know what caused your reaction.  Always inform your healthcare providers (doctor, pharmacist, nurse…) if you suspect any reactions to a drug for professional advice.  

4 comments:

  1. Very enlightened. ...I learnt a lot

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  2. Very enlightened. ...I learnt a lot

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  3. Anonymous13/8/16 10:14

    Greetings to every one reading my testimony, my name is Tyresha Jones from the united state of America, i suffered from Stevens-Johnson Syndrome disease since 2012 and visited so many medical doctors for a solution but all their effort was in vain as they where unable to come up with the solution to my sickness, i was so confused and never thought of been happy again ever in life,but one day i read a testimony like this about a herbal doctor from Africa called Doctor Iluobe on how he help various people with various problems by giving them solution to their problem and also has the herbal cure for Stevens-Johnson Syndrome disease with his herbal medicine and i contacted the great man Doctor Iluobe and tell him my name and my problem,he wrote me back and ask me not to worry no more that my problem has come to its final solution, this man prepared me a herbal medicine and send to me via DHL and gave me instructions on how to apply it and assured me i will be cured within 18-20 days to my greatest surprises i only applied the medicine for just 14days and i was was cured. you can also contact him and get cured from Stevens-Johnson Syndrome disease, If you want to contact the Doctor Iluobe on his email (doctoriluobe@gmail.com) or you can call him on his cell phone +2348169909821.

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  4. Please there is a cure for dementia and no one knows. This is my husband’s story... My husband was a retired force man, he had partial stroke 5 years ago, and then i was still working. His condition got worse and he was hospitalized. After some time of treatment he began to behave abnormal, like someone who has lost memory of event and occurrence. i shared tears the very day i walked to him in the hospital and he could not even recognize me. This is am man that is very playful and highly romantic. Each day i hold him to myself and share tears the more. He was not able to do anything just look at me like a bull dog and do so many abnormal things. Later on doctor brought a recent report and he was diagnosed of dementia this doctor says have no cure that he would die a brainless man. Oh my God i fainted when i heard this. I raised my voice and cry to God to help me from this. So i began to hope and trust God to do miracle. My pastor was a great pillar of encouragement to me. i did all i can to get a cure for him, but none worked out, i spent thousands of USD trying to get a cure for him. But behold a friends doctor came visiting and said to me let’s look if herbal remedy can help him get any better so he gave me your website which is www. Drisimhenmhenherbalhome.com there i saw how people testified of the good works of herbs in their life, so i decided to contact the doctor because his contact details was on his website.. The first time i emailed him, i got no reply from him, so i decided to call him on the phone. I called him, and told him what he could do was to laugh and said to me that anything the enemy have planned against my husband must fail, he said to me that he have cured Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease and this is exactly what my husband is suffering from. After all, he prepared herbs and sent to me, i have to force my husband to take it because before then he was not taking anything from me to eat anymore. but behold sir it was just like a magic gradually my husband begin to get better, better and today sir i am proud to say my husband is totally cured, He you cured my husband of this deadly dementia disease and now i keep my promise i made to him before the cure that i will let the entire world know about his herbs if my husband is cured. Sir, now i am overwhelmed. God bless you sir. My husband has the plans to travel to see the doctor facially and say a physical thanks to him in his country, and i will accompany him down to his home in his country to also show my gratitude him. God bless him in abundant. If you have same problem or have other health issues and want to contact Doctor Isimhenmhen Anthony, here is his website (http://drisimhenmhenherbalhome.com). And his email is (doctorisimhenmhenanthony@gmail.com)

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